Fernand Mourlot, Joan Miró et Jean Célestin,
rue Barrault en 1977 (mourlot.free.fr)
|Artist: Joan Miró
|Title: A Toute Épreuve
from the "Affiches Originales" series.
Printed by Mourlot Freres in Paris, 1959.
Presented in 16 x 20 in. acid free, archival museum mat, with framing
labels. Ready to frame. Shipped boxed flat via Fedex.
Certificate of Authenticity.
See our Terms of Sale
| Sheet Size:
||9 1/4 in x 12 1/2 in
||23.5 cm x 32 cm
|Price: $175.00 USD Now
A Toute Épreuve was one of the finest artist's books of the
twentieth century and the most ambitious creation of Joan Miro, with
text by the French poet Paul Éluard and original woodcuts by the Miró.
A triumph of twentieth-century book art. The publisher, Gérald Cramer,
first approached Miró with the idea to illustrate Éluard's book of
poems in 1947.
Miró cut more than 230 woodblocks over a period of nearly eleven years
to complete the project. In addition to traditional woodcut, he also
used the technique of collotype-wood blocks collaged with various
natural and manufactured materials-to add distinctions of texture
and form to his designs. Early into the project, Miró wrote to his
publisher "…I have made some trials which have allowed me to see what
it was to make a book and not merely to illustrate it. Illustration
is always a secondary matter. The important thing is that a book have
all the dignity of a sculpture carved in marble." The result was a
brilliantly inventive and harmonious interweaving of Miró's amorphous
abstract imagery with Éluard's evocative poetry.
"... After the War, Miró returned to Paris, and it was here that
he would truly discover lithography. I assigned one of our best press
operators to Miró: Jean Célestin, who would become a close friend
of the painter. The understanding that they shared from the start
made for some excellent work. Miró was of a taciturn nature; Célestin
would guess what it was he wanted, only a few words were necessary,
Miró expressing briefly his idea, Célestin voicing his assent.
Keenly interested in the process, he wenton to produce several lithographs,
in black, on stone, the magnificent Album 13series (1948) and several
illustrative works for the books of his poet friendssuch as André
Breton, Benjamin Péret, René Char, Tristan Tzara, Iliazd and André
Verdet. For every exhibition he held at the gallery Maeght , he designed
a poster, and further collaborated on the review Derrière le Miroir,
for which he created some exceptional solo editions.
Towards the end of the sixties I proposed, as I had for Picasso, Chagall
andBraque, that we compile a complete lithographic catalogue; he accepted
and took direct part in the project. The first volume was published
in 1972, with a preface by Michel Leiris and containing also twelve
superb original compositions..."
During the 1950s the renowned French printer, Fernand Mourlot, printed
most of the "original" posters of the most important artists
of the day. In 1959 they printed the series "Affiches Originales"
for collectors. They are reduced lithographic versions of the "original"
posters created by the contemporary masters, Picasso, Chagall, Braque,
Matisse, Miró, Leger, and Dufy.